Inequality in learning negatively impacts children’s development. At the same time, it has far reaching consequences on the economy and the development of the society as a whole. While this has been a challenging issue for decades, the current global pandemic has exacerbated this gap, thereby affecting many more millions of children around the world. Our new report Learning Through Play: increasing impact, reducing inequality, demonstrates that policymakers and international organisations need to start taking play seriously. Drawing evidence from early childhood learning programmes across 18 countries, as well as from interviews with the authors of various contributing studies, this report shows that play not only helps children learn, it also supports inclusion, and reduces inequality.